Dandruff (Darunaka)

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The term dandruff generally refers to the condition of the skin where in shiny, silvery scales separate from the dandruffscalp and collect amidst the hair. The condition can become troublesome when the skin gets infected.
The main causes of dandruff are impairment of general health, development of a toxic condition mainly due to taking of wrong foods, constipation, and a low vitality due to infectious diseases.
Other factors contributing to this disorder are emotional tension, harsh shampoos, and exposure to cold, and general exhaustion.

Diet and lifestyle modification:-
Go to bed early.
Avoid day sleep.
Do regular exercises(to avoid stress,pranayama is the best).
Avoid using hot water for head bath.
Don’t use too much of shampoo.
Avoid using the comb of others.
Avoid intake of tea/coffee,curd,bakery food,red chilli powder,pickles and salt,processed sugars.

Treatment:-
Application of oils like dhurdhoorpatradi thailam, intake of blood cleansing liquids like Khairarishtam or sarivadyasvam(under consultation).
Application of herbal paste(shirolepam for minimum 7 days).

Origin of Ayurveda – Contribution of Acharya Charaka

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Ayurveda, is believed to be about5000 years old, predating all other medical systems. The two classic Ayurveda textbooks are more than 2000 years old. Charaka-samhita named after Charaka who was the ayurvedic counterpart of Hippocrates, outlines the principles of health maintenance and treatment of disease. Another book named Sushruta-samhita describes elaborate surgical procedures, including reconstructive plastic surgery, gallbladder removal, and other operations that most people consider modern.

Sushruta, the author of Sushrutasamhita, is believed to have lived around 6th century B.C. and is said to have imbibed his knowledge from Dhanwantri. It is believed that Sushruta’s work was also revised and supplemented by Nagarjuna between the 3rd and 4th centuries A.D.

A traditional story about the origin of Ayurveda, elucidates that Brahma imparted this knowledge to Prajapati Daksha, who in turn passed it on to the two Ashwinikumaras. From Ashwinikumaras, this knowledge passed on to Indra and then to Sage Bhardwaja. Bhardwaja shared it with other sages, one of them was Punarvasu Atreya. Atreya passed it on to his disciples. Based on the knowledge thus imparted, Agnivesha, one of Atreya’s disciple authored a treatise, which came to be known as Agnivesha-tantra. This work of Agnivesha was revised and enlarged by Charaka around the 5th century A.D. in the form of Charaka-samhita.

Sanskrit caraka is a term for a wandering religious student or ascetic. There are several legendary accounts of the origins of medical science in South Asia. According to one, the serpent-king Śeṣa, who was the recipient of Ayurveda(Ayurveda), once visited the earth and finding it full of sickness he became moved with pity and determined to become incarnate as the son of a Muni for alleviating disease; he was called Charaka because he had visited the earth as a kind of spy or cara; he then composed a new book on medicine, based on older works of Agniveśa and Atreya pupils (Sanskrit shloka – Agniveśakr̥te tantre Charaka pratisaṃskr̥te ).

 Charaka-samhita in its present form is the handiwork of another Kashmiri Pandit namely Dridhabala, who revised and updated Charaka’s work in the 9th century A.D. Dridhabala, the son of Kapilaba is said to have born in village Pantsinor, the confluence of River Vitasta and Sindhu.

Laying to rest, the controversy regarding Charaka’s birth place, the Buddhist literature discovered by Prof. Sylavan Levi in China, shows that Charaka’s birth place was Kashmir and he was, the court-poet of Kanishka in the Ist century A.D.

Charaka was the first physician to present the concept of digestion, metabolism and immunity. According to his translations of the Vedas, a body functions because it contains three dosha or principles, namely movement (vata), transformation (pitta) and lubrication and stability (kapha). The doshas are also sometimes called humors, namely, bile, phlegm and wind.)) These dosha are produced when dhatus(blood,flesh and bone marrow) act upon the food eaten. For the same quantity of food eaten, one body, however, produces dosha in an amount different from another body. That is why one body is different from another. For instance, it is more weighty, stronger, more energetic.

Further, illness is caused when the balance among the three dosha in a human body is disturbed. To restore the balance he prescribed medicinal drugs. Although he was aware of germs in the body, he did not give them any importance.

Charaka knew the fundamentals of genetics. For instance, he knew the factors determining the sex of a child. A genetic defect in a child, like lameness or blindness, he said, was not due to any defect in the mother or the father, but in the ovum or sperm of the parents (an accepted fact today).

Charaka studied the anatomy of the human body and various organs. He gave 360 as the total number of bones, including teeth, present in the body. He wrongly believed that the heart had one cavity, but he was right when he considered it to be a controlling centre. He claimed that the heart was connected to the entire body through 13 main channels. Apart from these channels, there were countless other ones of varying sizes which supplied not only nutrients to various tissues but also provided passage to waste products. He also claimed that any obstruction in the main channels led to a disease or deformity in the body.

Under the guidance of the ancient physician Atreya, Agnivesha had written an encyclopedic treatise in the eighthcentury B.C. However, it was only when Charaka revised this treatise that it gained popularity and came to be known as Charakasamhita. For two millennia it remained a standard work on the subject and was translated into many foreign languages, including Arabic and Latin.

 

Popularity and spread of Ayurveda:

Ayurvedic medicine spread with the Hindu culture to Indonesia, Tibet, and eventually to the West, where some of its principles were picked up by the ancient Greek physicians. As Buddhism developed, this healing system was carried to China and other Asian countries.

During the 1800s, the British banned all ayurvedic schools in India, replacing them with Western medical schools. For the next century, ayurvedic medicine was relegated to folk practices in rural areas. When India regained its independence in 1947, ayurvedic schools were again legalised. Today there are more than100 ayurvedic schools in India, equal in number to the Western ones, and many Indian physicians incorporate both styles of medicine into their practices.

Aim of Ayurveda:-

Ayurveda is incorporated into a person’s lifestyle. It governs all aspects of life, such as diet, exercise and sexual practices. An ayurvedic practitioner is consulted only to identify and correct an imbalance among the three life forces(1.VATA: The Energy of Movement in Ayurveda, 2. PITTA: The Energy of Digestion and Metabolism in Ayurveda, 3.PITTA: The Energy of Digestion and Metabolism in Ayurveda)

Ayurvedic philosophy holds that each person is born with a particular ratio of Doshas, with one dominating. This dominant Dosha determines personality type and also influences one’s susceptibility to certain illnesses

Diagnosis of the disease and treatment:

An ayurvedic doctor begins by assessing the patient’s Dosha pattern. Pulses play a critical role in this assessment – a practitioner feels pulses throughout the body, looking for Dosha imbalances as reflected in the nature of pulse.Ayurvedic physicians do not focus on a specific disease or an organ system, but instead treat the entire body and mind.

Ayurvedic Oil Massage(Abhyanga):- IMPORTANCE

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Ayurveda, the all-time healing system, has some specialised therapeutic procedures of its own. Among them, sneha karma is one. It is a therapy, which is usually employed as a pre-operative procedure to panchakarma. This procedure produces snigdhata (suppleness) in the body. Ayurvedic texts compare the exhausted human body with a dry stick, which breaks easily. Application of oil to the body makes it supple. This therapy can be employed either by administering oily substances internally or by using them externally in the form of oil massage. This article throws light on abhyanga and mardhana-a specialised oil massage therapy of Ayurveda.theayurvedacenter-massage1

Charaka Samhita, the Ayurvedic treatise, advocates oil massage as a regular health care measure in maintaining positive health.

1.Massage preserves the body energy.

2.It improves the blood circulation and helps in excreting toxins out of the body through sweat, urine and mucous; thus rejuvenating and relaxing the body.

3.It protects against the vitiation and aggravation of vaata and kapha doshas.

4.Massaging oil into the body makes it strong and helps the skin become smooth, says Ashtaanga Hridaya, another Ayurvedic treatise.

5.So, one can expect good results from massage in treating skin disorders like eczema, blisters, scabies, seborrhoea and other conditions like neurasthenia, headaches, sleeplessness, gouty arthritis, polio, obesity and mental disorders.

6. Massage increases physical stamina and mental alertness apart from sexual vitality.foto1

Scientific Validity

The Ayurvedic system of medicine calls the lymph system as the kapha or mucous carrying system. Lymph contains most of the elements in blood i.e. plasma, amino acids, glucose, fats, hormones, enzymes, salts and lymphocytes which fight infection. It acts as a transport medium between cells and the blood stream. It also aids circulation by maintaining the balance of the fluids in the body. The massage technique is pointed towards increasing lymph flow in the body by applying pressure at the marma (vital) points as described in the Sushruta Samhita. Increasing the kapha activity by massage is purported to increase the nourishment of the body and give proper stimulation to joints and body tissues.

If lymph flow is increased by massage, then there are several likely processes, which may be involved. Lymph possesses a relatively large amount of the amino acid­, tryptophan. This subsequently causes a parallel increase in the neurotransmitter (chemical between nerve endings), serotonin. Serotonin has been implicated in several psychiatric diseases with low levels of its metabolite found by researchers in depression, hallucinations, headaches, anxiety and irritability. So, massage is beneficial in treating these conditions. Another interesting point is that lymph contains approximately 30 times as much histaminase (an enzyme which breaks the allergy and acidity causing histamine) as in blood. So, the pathological conditions where histamine is involved, like painful and swollen tissue areas, gastric irritation, headaches, skin allergies, can be treated with lymphatic massage in order to provide increased supply of histaminase.

 

FROZEN SHOULDER (apbahuka):-

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FROZEN SHOULDER (apbahuka):-

frozen-shoulderApabahuka is a disease that usually affects the Amsa sandhi (shoulder joint).It is produced by the Vata dosha. Acharya Sushruta and others have considered Apabahuka as a Vataja vikara. Amsa shosha (wasting of the shoulder) can be considered as the preliminary stage of the disease, where loss or dryness of sleshaka kapha from amsa sandhi occurs.

 

Modern View :-

Frozen shoulder

Frozen shoulder is the result of inflammation, scarring, thickening, and shrinkage of the capsule that surrounds the normal shoulder joint. Any injury to the shoulder can lead to frozen shoulder.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Management through Ayurveda:-

shirovastinasyam

 

The general line of treatment mentioned for Vatavyadhi in Ayurvedic classics include oliation (Snehana)(both internal and external), Sudation(Swedan), Mild cleansing(Mrudusamshodha), Medicated Anema(Basti), Holding the medicated oil on the head & Administration of nasal drops (sirobasti  & Nasya), and so on.

Charaka further states that, depending on the location and dushya (tissue element vitiated by Vata) each patient should be given specific therapies. Vagbhata has mentioned Nasal drops (Nasyakarma) in the disorders related to the upper body (jatroordhva Vikaras).

Ayurveda deals with this condition through PANCHKARMA OR DETOX procedures, as ayurveda believes in removing the root cause of the condition.  Ayurveda treatment includes internal administration of medicated Kashayams (decoctions), Aristams (concoctions), oils for both internal and external use, and local application of herbal paste (lepam). Lepam1

Turmeric(haridra) – Curcuma longa and its role in Various allergies.

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turmericAllergy according to ayurevda is due to  accumulation of AMA (or toxins)or  lack of good immunity( vyadi kshamatva) .

Every person is ayurveda is treated as a unique entity, and hence some have got good resistance to fight against allergens and some lack it or have less resistance. This lack of immunity can be present by birth or acquired due to imbalance in doshas (vata, pitta and kapha).

TURMERIC is one of the magic herbs which has good curcumin as an active ingredient, which serves preventive as well as curative purpose.

Preventive uses :-

Uses ——– a) A good healer of wounds.

b) Enhances complexion.

c) Useful in all types of skin diseases.

d) Alleviates toxic condition.

e) Scraps out all the unnecessary fats.

f) Useful in emaciation / under nutrition.

g) Boosts up the immune system.

h) Useful in cold and rhinitis.

It is a health protector. It improves the body immunity. By regular use of Haridra it can avoid cold & cough during season change, sore throat, skin diseases, and pain & swelling in points, after delivery, it can be applied with sesame oil.
Curative uses:-
1.It removes toxins from blood and increases hemoglobin percentage.
2. A decoction prepared from its rhizome relieves pain.
3. Cold/Cough/Asthma-Haridra with honey is the best remedy.
4. Sprain/Inflammatory ailments of joints-poultice of its paste with sesame oil, if applied hot, then will be effective treatment from sprains.

Main Preparations are- Haridra Khand, Allerkhand, Chandraprabha vatika, Sudarshana Churna.
How to use: – .It can be used while cooking the vegetables at home. ½ teaspoon of turmeric powder mixed with warm glass of milk, early morning or before going to the bed is enough. In case you don’t want milk can mix the same amount of turmeric in warm water (early morning is the best).

PSORIASIS:- How does Ayurveda help?

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Ayurveda has explained  many skin diseases, which resembles Psoriasis. Psoriasis can be considered as the vitiation of :-  Vata(air) and Kapha(water+earth)(Two of the basic energies/humors, which maintains our body equilibrium).

Accumulation of low potency Toxins (Dooshi vishas/Ama), are the basic pathological changes taking place in the system.

NOTE – Check the previous post for details on TOXINS

Role of Diet:-  consumption of foodstuffs that cannot be eaten together food items like:- excessive intake of yogurt, black gram, seafood, sour and salted items etc are some of  the aggravating factors.  Alcohol and tobacco consumption will act as a catalyst here. Ayurveda do emphasize on the effect of stress in the pathogenesis of Psoriasis.

Treatment:  Coming to the treatment aspects of Psoriasis according to Ayurveda, it aims at the detoxification of the body or elimination of toxins from the body fluids. It is achieved by Panchakarmatreatments.
This includes internal and external medications purely of plant origin as follows :-
(i) Consumption of medicated ghee

(ii) Detoxifying, by inducing vomiting (Vamana) and purgation (Virechana). Followed by either medicated buttermilk dripping overhead (Dhara) and pasting the entire body with a paste of medicines and mud.
It can be cured if the patient is ready to accept the protocol and conditions fixed by the Ayurveda doctor for treatment as well changing the lifestyle. If it is in the initial stage it can be cured without much delay. Otherwise regular treatment continuing for months will be needed. All depends on how the patient accepts the treatment modalities and how strictly follows the dietary protocol for the rest of the life.

Advise from Doctor  – A strict diet regime has to be followed during the entire treatment period and it is better to continue as vegetarian.

Yogurt, black gram, chilies and salted thing have to be restricted. It is better to avoid refrigerated/chilled foods. Psoriatic must keep a state of mental calmness.

AMA (TOXINS – Product of incomplete Digestion)

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 In Ayurveda, AMA is the concept of anything that exists in a state of incomplete transformation. In particular, it is claimed to be a toxic byproduct generated due to improper or incomplete digestion. The concept does not have a direct equivalent in standard medicine.

“Ama” is a Sanskrit word literally meaning “uncooked” or “undigested”.

Role of Ama

Ama originates from improperly digested toxic particles that clog the channels in our body. These channels include the intestines, lymphatic system, arteries and veins, capillaries, and genitourinary tract. Others channels are called Nadis through which your energy flows. Ama toxicity accumulates wherever there is weak metabolism in the body, and this leads to diseases.

Causes of ‘Ama’ production :

  • Agnimandya – Low digestive  fire
  • Dhatu-agnimandya – Low tissue fire
  • Mala Sanchaya – Accumulation of waste products.
  • Dosha sammurcchana  – Interaction or amalgamation between vitiated doshas
  • Krimi visha  – Bacterial toxins. When an infection is caused by the pathogenic organisms, they liberate a toxic substance.

Properties of ama :

  • It is always in the form of incompletely digested substance
  • Hence it is  non-homogenous, has a very bad or foul odour which can be experienced only when it is combined with excretory products such as sweat, urine, and faeces, or when products such as sputum, vomit, etc., are expelled from the body.
  • It is very sticky.
  • It produces lethargy in the body.

Signs of Ama :

  •  Feeling heavy, muzzy headed, unclear thinking, aches and pains, bloating, gas, skin blemishes, fever, lack of energy, stickiness, foul smells (breath, sweat, urine, stools, phlegm), sinking stool, mucous in stool, turbid urine, lack of appetite or taste, indigestion, sticky/sweet taste in the mouth, copious phlegm. Pulse; deep, dull, slippery Tongue; thick, greasy coating.
  • Modern signs of ama: High triglycerides, atherosclerosis, late-onset diabetes, high blood sugar levels, some forms of depression, rheumatoid factor, the presence of H. pylori bacteria, blood urea, gout, excess platelet count, gall stones as a sign of excess bile, kidney stones as a sign of un-metabolised calcium and oxalates, high liver enzymes (ALT, AST ) tumours.

Treatment of ama :

Herbs:

Anti-vata: Medicines- Hinguvachadi Choornam, Gandharvahastadi ks;

Herbs – ,ginger, garlic.

Anti-pitta: Medicines –  Amruthotharam kashayam, Kumaryasvam , Neem.

Herbs – Aloe Vera, Fennel, Coriander, Amalaki(Indian Goosberry) formula that contains cooling herbs to clear heat toxins from the system.

Anti-kapha: Medicines – Taleespatradi Choornam, Vaishvanara Choornam, Trikatu

Herbs – Ginger, Cumin, Black pepper, Pushkaramoola, Punarnava, Tulsi, Vacha, Guggul

Panchakarma: Ayurvedic detox therapies( Abhyangam (oil bath), swedana(sudation), virechana(induced purgation), vamana (induced emices), etc.

Anti-ama Diet: Emphasise pungent, bitter, astringent flavour.